Onlangs verscheen het artikel “A Tale of Two Entrepreneurs” over verschillende soorten ondernemingen en het feit dat de overheid ze op verschillende wijze zou moeten steunen. Het artikel onderscheidt twee typen ondernemingen – wat een bijzonder beperkte abstrahering is van de realiteit:
– Innovatiegedreven ondernemingen; ondernemingen die ontstaan vanuit een innovatie-ontwikkeling, een spin-off, een spin-out of een directe investering van een moederbedrijf.
– Midden- en kleinbedrijf.

Het artikel stelt dat “Governments must understand distinct types of entrepreneurs and support them differently to maximize opportunities for economic growth and job creation.”

Uit het artikel:

“Both SMEs and IDEs are critical to a successful economy, but IDEs are particularly important for accelerating economic growth because of their potential to contribute jobs and advance new innovations,” said Fiona Murray, faculty director, Martin Trust Center for MIT Entrepreneurship; David Sarnoff Professor, MIT Sloan School of Management; and coauthor of the paper. “IDE entrepreneurship must be a major element of government strategy and policymaking, with separate and equitable organizations created to support the success of both types of ventures.”

While traditional SMEs don’t require an innovative product, process or business model to succeed, IDEs are based on building competitive advantage through innovation on one or more of these dimensions.

For this reason, IDEs are more likely to be founded by teams of individuals with diverse skills and often higher levels of education than SME founders. SMEs focus on local or regional markets and create “non-tradable” jobs, whereas IDEs consciously pursue global markets and create jobs that can be performed in different locations. Funding sources also differ: SMEs tend to be individual or family owned with little outside investment, while IDEs have a diverse ownership base with external investors.

Het volledige artikel:
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